You will install the CA certificate and server certificate on the FortiGate. The certificates in the example were created using OpenSSL. Watch the video. Find this recipe for other FortiOS versions 5. The CA certificate is the certificate that signed both the server certificate and the user certificate. Make sure that subject matches microworlds name of the user certificate in the example, User Set Destination Address to all, enable NATand configure any remaining firewall and security options as desired.
For this policy, Incoming Interface is set to ssl. When the user attempts to authenticate, the user certificate will be checked against the CA certificate, to verify that they match. The installation instructions differ depending on what application is being used to connect to the VPN.
If you are using the above applications to connect to the VPN, you must install the certificate into the certificate store for your OS. The Import Wizard appears. Import the certificate using the Import Wizard. Keychain Access opens. Double-click the certificate. In order to connect to the VPN with FortiClientyou will first have to use the above instructions to install the certificate for your OS.
Firefox has its own certificate store. If you will be using Firefox to connect to the VPN, then the user certificate must be installed in this store, rather than in the OS. This recipe requires that you have three certificates: CA certificate server certificate signed by the CA certificate user certificate signed by the CA certificate You will install the CA certificate and server certificate on the FortiGate.
Watch the video Find this recipe for other FortiOS versions 5. If necessary, Apply your changes. The server certificate now appears in the list of Certificates.
Installing the CA certificate The CA certificate is the certificate that signed both the server certificate and the user certificate. Add the new user to the group. Make sure that NAT is enabled. A message will appear requesting a certificate for authentication. Select the user certificate. Enter your user credentials when requested.
But, like all webfilters SSL can be a bit tricky. Deep packet inspection imagine a man in the middle attack. This way the Fortigate sees all traffic that comes in the session even if it was encrypted. Some problems come up with this. The cert has to be trusted by clients, this can be easily done if you have a internal CA, or you could create a Windows group policy to push the certificate into their trusted store.
I know you might ask, what if I get a signed cert for this? The certificate is a CA-True certificate. That basically means you would have to get a certificate from a trusted publisher that says you are a public CA. The answer lies below friends. To have the Fortigate block the website without giving an error there are a few things that need to be done:.
Before enabling these commands I would see the error message, then after accepting the cert I would see the block page. I am looking into this. Here is what the profile looks like. Hey Thanks for commenting!
Let me add this profile to my fortigate. Could Deep scanning be on? Are you in firefox? Also, make sure you are using the correct website. Do you mind if I test with your website?
What is the URL? When you enable ssl inspection default certificate-inspection it will just give you a blank screenand not redirect you to a https web page. Really, you have helped me a lot!!
Certificates of HTTPS management page
Facebook and Twitter were working with the webfiltter enabled and was having a lot of problems when i enable SSL Inspector. Thats Great!A security certificate is a small text file that is part of a third-party generated public key infrastructure PKI to help guarantee the identity of both the user logging on and the web site they where they are logging in.
A certificate includes identifying information such as the company and location information for the web site, as well as the third-party company name, the expiry date of the certificate, and the public key. FortiGate units use X. The X. The unused earlier X. The main difference between X. This limits the source of certificates to well known and trustworthy sources.
Where PGP is well suited for one-to-one communications, the X. Some common filename extensions for X. Public CA certificates found on the FortiGate are provided through firmware upgrades and installations. Certificates are an integral part of SSL. Optionally, the FortiGate unit can require the client to authenticate itself in return. When the certificate is offered, the client browser displays two security messages. Optionally, you can install an X. You can then configure the FortiGate unit to identify itself using the server certificate instead of the self-signed certificate.
There are multiple protocols that are required for handling certificates. This is important to prevent hackers from changing the expiry date on an old certificate to a future date. However a CRL is a public list, and some companies may want to avoid the public exposure of their certificate structure even if it is only invalid certificates. The authority responding can reply with a status of good, revoked, or unknown for the certificate in question.
Typically this involves generating a request you send directly to the SCEP service, instead of generating a file request that may or may not be signed locally. This ensures that each step along the path is valid and trustworthy.
FortiGate Users: How to Install a Wildcard SSL Certificate
Certificate Management Protocol version 2 CMPv2 is an enrollment and revocation protocol for certificates. Certificate authentication is a more secure alternative to pre-shared key shared secret authentication for IPsec VPN peers. The VPN gateway configuration can require certificate authentication before it permits an IPsec tunnel to be established.
There are different types of certificates available that vary depending on their intended use. Local certificates are issued for a specific server, or web site.
Generally they are very specific, and often for an internal enterprise network. For example a personal web site for John Smith at www. These can optionally be just the certificate file, or also include a private key file and PEM passphrase for added security.
For information about generating a certificate request, see Generating a certificate signing request. For information about installing a local certificate, see Obtaining and installing a signed server certificate from an external CA.
Remote certificates are public certificates without a private key. You can select Import to install a certificate from the management PC.
CA root certificates are similar to local certificates, however they apply to a broader range of addresses or to whole company; they are one step higher up in the organizational chain. Using the local certificate example, a CA root certificate would be issued for all of www.
Certificate revocation list CRL is a list of certificates that have been revoked and are no longer usable. This list includes certificates that have expired, been stolen, or otherwise compromised.Join us now! Forgot Your Password? Forgot your Username? Haven't received registration validation E-mail? User Control Panel Log out.
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View More Photo Galleries. Unread PMs. Forum Themes Elegant Mobile. Essentials Only Full Version. Bronze Member. I would like to secure my FortiGate admin logon page with a certificate issued by a Windows PKI server so that the logon page doesn't error when we logon to it.
Any advice or articles to do this would be appreciated! Expert Member. Various OSversions has had problems with this btw. Gold Member. Thank you both very much for your advice! I will give that a try :. New Member. Can you just not go into the certificates section and import a local certificate of type "certificate" and provide the key file and cert? I know this is available in 5.
Thanks everyone - it was as simple as you all said. I was struggling because I wasn't selecting "local certificates" because I didn't realise the term also included "for remote" so I just ignored that option. I imported my cert and enabled it on the management page.
Works a treat! Latest Posts. Active Posts.
FortiGate SSL VPN 2FA using certificate and username / password authentication
All FAQs. There is no record available at this moment. Stay logged in. I will give that a try : 4.Join us now! Forgot Your Password? Forgot your Username? Haven't received registration validation E-mail? User Control Panel Log out. Forums Posts Latest Posts. View More. Recent Blog Posts. Recent Photos. View More Photo Galleries. Unread PMs. Forum Themes Elegant Mobile. Essentials Only Full Version. New Member. The documentation in the manuals particularly v5. Hi, can be configured over the cli: config system certificate local edit a new certificate and copy and paste key and certificate in the cli.
However, this leads to the next problem I also have now: where to change the default https certificate. This can also not be done over the admin gui, and I did not found a way on the cli.
Good luck! Thrawnos, That did the trick for me, thanks! I selected it, clicked " Apply"waited a few minutes, logged out and back in, and my certificate was being used! Thanks again. Bronze Member. I think this is what I need too I have a. Any ideas? Michellem, You' ll have to " break the. I do this with OpenSSL. It works - thanks so much!!
It only takes a minute to sign up. I access the URL and all fine but the one thing that really bugs me is that is brings up "untrusted connection" in chrome with the whole "click to proceed" thing. On the unit there are 5 CA signed certs for use but I cannot figure out how to assign these certs to the routers interfaces.
Does anyone know how to assign the CA signed certs to the WAN interface on port so it wont ask me to confirm the cert all the time? Upload your certificates to the firewall, Fortigate certificate user guide will help you out on this. Use the following CLI commands:. Note this article that helps a little bit.
However it's a little incomplete:. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.how to configure ssl ssh inspection in fortigate firewall
Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Asked 8 years, 7 months ago. Active 5 years, 2 months ago. Viewed 18k times. I have a Fortigate 80C that allows remote administration via https.
At the moment the cert is self-signed by the Fortigate unit. I know the traffic is still encrypted but it is still nice to have. Myles Gray Myles Gray 4 4 gold badges 10 10 silver badges 32 32 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. Nandu Nandu 1 1 silver badge 2 2 bronze badges.
Thanks, I had a hard time figuring this out. It's really weird that there doesn't seem to be a GUI option for this. Okay this is what I did on 5. Follow instructions above for setting the certificate as the admin interface cert: Note this article that helps a little bit.
However it's a little incomplete: First do a 'conf system global' Then do a 'set admin-server-cert? Sandmich Sandmich 21 1 1 bronze badge. Confirmed to work on a FortiGate 30D.AD users use certificates for authentication. Keep LDAP connection for certificate validation. It requires a redesign of a current solution on both sever and firewall end but improves security by bringing 2FA into play.
I'll show you how to build a lab and test it before you make any changes in production. Below a simple diagram that is a starting point:. I already had that server in my lab and there are plenty of tutorials on how to install Active Directory Domain Services and promote server a server to a Domain Controller. Then create users, join the domain with all other computers and create a group called SSLVPN and add some users into that group.
Right-click your CA, and then click Properties. In the new window, you can view the certificate and copy it to a file.
Later you'll import it into FortiGate. Leave all other settings on default values. Once the certificate is enrolled, open it and verify that Subject Alternative Name has value:.
That is crucial for a whole process, as based on the Principal NameFortiGate can validate a certificate owner. You need a valid license. Do not test user credentials from a GUI. Do it from the command line:. We leave user ldap-check-cert as it is. The configuration is correct. It points to the correct CA certificate and validates Principal Name.
Let's create a new user group, that can take under consideration both certificate validation and user credentials:. Test all possible scenarios:. If you need this additional level of security, you might consider investing in the FortiAuthenticator. Lab Setup I'll show you how to build a lab and test it before you make any changes in production. Below a simple diagram that is a starting point: AD Server Setup I already had that server in my lab and there are plenty of tutorials on how to install Active Directory Domain Services and promote server a server to a Domain Controller.
Right-click your CA, and then click Properties In the new window, you can view the certificate and copy it to a file.
Then proceed to Network Policies and add a new one. Whole list available here. You can configure FortiClient connection details in advance.