Hierarchy of hindu gods

We are not immortal. Thanks for your reply. There are many many grantas available nowadays I am talking about since 3k years. Everyone have written there own commentary as per their wish and will. Again thanks for your long feedback. Sri Krishna himself has given the right to everybody to keep once belief and you are doing the same.

hierarchy of hindu gods

All "mayavaadi" always have been telling as per there wishes and off course as said you have every right to keep your own opinion. Sponsor 3. For instant updates about Bhagavan Bhakthi connect here. Bhagavan is the one who don't take birth. He is the one who doesn't have parents. He is the one who doesn't depends on anybody or anything. He is the one who don't need anything from anybody or anything. He is one who is completely independent of anything or everything or everybody.

He should be a "aatma kaama", means he doesn't need anybody or anything to satisfy his needs. Bhagavan is different and Devatagan are different. Bhagavan is one, but Devatagan are many. All are completely dependent on Bhagavan including Devatagan. Many people around the world think all Hindu Gods are same. Many think that Sri Shiva is nothing but Sri Vishnu. Many think that since Sri Shiva has got the name Sri Mahadeva, he is the ultimate.

But people don't understand the real meaning of this name Sri Mahadeva. Here Sri Mahadeva means the demigod Devatagan who is greatest among the other demigods.

This means, if anybody chants one name of Sri Raama is equal to thousand names of Sri Vishnu as given in the Sri Vishnusahasranaama. But to enter such stage we need to have a "nirmala", "nishkaama" bhakti towards Sri Hari. Only Sri Hari is the "antaryaami" in everybody. He is everywhere. Can we see a place, where Sri Hari is not present. Many people think that Sri Durga Devi is the supreme.

Many people think that Sri Kaali Devi is the supreme. Also many say some belong to Shaiva, some belong to Shakti, some belong to something else. If all are greatest, then who is the real greatest?It comprises four major traditions, VaishnavismBrahmanismShaktismShaivism[1] whose followers consider VishnuBrahmaShakti Devi and Shiva to be the Supreme deity respectively.

Most of the other deities were either related to them or different forms incarnations of these deities. Hinduism has been called the " oldest religion " in the world, and many practitioners refer to Hinduism as "the eternal law ". Smartisman older tradition and later reestablished by Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya, invites the worship of more than one god including Shiva like that, Vishnu, Brahma, Shakti and Ganesha the elephant god among other gods and goddesses.

It is not as overtly sectarian as either Vashnavism, Brahmanism or Saivism and is based on the recognition that Brahman God is the highest principle in the universe and pervades all of existence.

Their feminine counterparts are Saraswatithe wife of Brahma, Lakshmithe wife of Vishnu, and Parvati the wife of Shiva. The followers of the last two form two major sects.

Cults of goddess worship are ancient in India. In the Rigveda, the most prominent goddess is Ushas, the goddess of dawn. In modern Hinduism, goddesses are widely revered. Shaktism is one of the major sects of Hinduism.

Followers of Shaktism believe that the goddess Devi is the power Shakti that underlies the female principle, and that Devi is the supreme being, one and the same with Para Brahman. Devi is believed to manifest in peaceful forms, such as Parvati the consort of Shiva and also in fierce forms, such as Kali and Durga. She is formless i. Nirguna in reality, but may take many forms i. Durga and Lalita Tripurasundari are regarded as the Supreme goddess in the Kalikula and Srikula systems respectively.

Shaktism is closely related with Tantric Hinduism, which teaches rituals and practices for purification of the mind and body. Shaivism is one of the major Hindu sects. Adherents of Shaivism believe that the god Shiva is the supreme being.

Shiva is the destroyer god among the Trimurtiand so is sometimes depicted as the fierce god Bhairava.Hindu deities are the gods and goddesses in Hinduism. The deities of Hinduism have evolved from the Vedic era 2nd millennium BC through the medieval era 1st millennium ADregionally within NepalIndia and in Southeast Asiaand across Hinduism's diverse traditions.

These deities have distinct and complex personalities, yet are often viewed as aspects of the same Ultimate Reality called Brahman. Hindu deities are represented with various icons and anicons, in paintings and sculptures, called Murtis and Pratimas. In ancient and medieval era texts of Hinduism, the human body is described as a temple, [33] [34] and deities are described to be parts residing within it, [35] [36] while the Brahman Absolute Reality, God [18] [37] is described to be the same, or of similar nature, as the Atman self, soulwhich Hindus believe is eternal and within every living being.

Deities in Hinduism are referred to as Deva masculine and Devi feminine. In the earliest Vedic literature, all supernatural beings are called Asuras.

In post-Vedic texts, such as the Puranas and the Itihasas of Hinduism, the Devas represent the good, and the Asuras the bad. Hindu deities are part of Indian mythology, both Devas and Devis feature in one of many cosmological theories in Hinduism.

hierarchy of hindu gods

In Vedic literature, Devas and Devis represent the forces of nature and some represent moral values such as the AdityasVarunaand Mitraeach symbolizing the epitome of a specialized knowledge, creative energy, exalted and magical powers Siddhis.

The most referred to Devas in the Rig Veda are IndraAgni fire and Somawith "fire deity" called the friend of all humanity, it and Soma being the two celebrated in a yajna fire ritual that marks major Hindu ceremonies. SavitrVishnuRudra later given the exclusive epithet of Shivaand Prajapati later Brahma are gods and hence Devas. Ananda Coomaraswamy states that Devas and Asuras in the Vedic lore are similar to Angels-Theoi-Gods and Titans of Greek mythology, both are powerful but have different orientations and inclinations, the Devas representing the powers of Light and the Asuras representing the powers of Darkness in Hindu mythology.

The Devas and Asuras, Angels and Titans, powers of Light and powers of Darkness in Rigveda, although distinct and opposite in operation, are in essence consubstantial, their distinction being a matter not of essence but of orientation, revolution or transformation.

In this case, the Titan is potentially an Angel, the Angel still by nature a Titan; the Darkness in actu is Light, the Light in potentia Darkness; whence the designations Asura and Deva may be applied to one and the same Person according to the mode of operation, as in Rigveda 1. In the Puranas and the Itihasas with the embedded Bhagavad Gita, the Devas represent the good, and the Asuras the bad. The Epics and medieval era texts, particularly the Puranasdeveloped extensive and richly varying mythologies associated with Hindu deities, including their genealogies.

Edelmann states that gods and anti-gods of Hinduism are symbolism for spiritual concepts. For example, god Indra a Deva and the antigod Virocana an Asura question a sage for insights into the knowledge of the self. In contrast, Indra keeps pressing the sage, churning the ideas, and learning about means to inner happiness and power. Edelmann suggests that the Deva-Asura dichotomies in Hindu mythology may be seen as "narrative depictions of tendencies within our selves".

In Hindu mythology, everyone starts as an Asura, born of the same father. The god Deva and antigod Asurastates Edelmann, are also symbolically the contradictory forces that motivate each individual and people, and thus Deva-Asura dichotomy is a spiritual concept rather than mere genealogical category or species of being. Another Hindu term that is sometimes translated as deity is Ishvaraor alternatively various deities are described, state Sorajjakool et al.

Among the six systems of Hindu philosophySamkhya and Mimamsa do not consider the concept of Ishvarai. YogaVaisheshikaVedanta and Nyaya schools of Hinduism discuss Ishvara, but assign different meanings. Early Nyaya school scholars considered the hypothesis of a deity as a creator God with the power to grant blessings, boons and fruits; but these early Nyaya scholars then rejected this hypothesis, and were non-theistic or atheists. Vaisheshika school of Hinduism, as founded by Kanada in 1st millennium BC, neither required nor relied on creator deity.

Ancient Mimamsa scholars of Hinduism questioned what is Ishvara deity, God? In Yoga school of Hinduism, it is any "personal deity" Ishta Deva or Ishta Devata [94] or "spiritual inspiration", but not a creator God. The Advaita Vedanta school of Hinduism asserted that there is no dualistic existence of deity or deities. The Dvaita sub-school of Vedanta Hinduism, founded in medieval era, Ishvara is defined as a creator God that is distinct from Jiva individual souls in living beings.

The Samhitaswhich are the oldest layer of text in Vedas enumerate 33 devas, [note 3] either 11 each for the three worlds, or as 12 Adityas11 Rudras8 Vasus and 2 Ashvins in the Brahmanas layer of Vedic texts. Griffith [] Gods who are eleven in heaven; who are eleven on earth; and who are eleven dwelling with glory in mid-air; may ye be pleased with this our sacrifice. Thirty-three divinities are mentioned in other ancient texts, such as the Yajurveda[] however, there is no fixed "number of deities" in Hinduism any more than a standard representation of "deity".

This concept of Brahman is not the same as the monotheistic separate God found in Abrahamic religions, where God is considered, states Brodd, as "creator of the world, above and independent of human existence", while in Hinduism "God, the universe, human beings and all else is essentially one thing" and everything is connected oneness, the same god is in every human being as Atmanthe eternal Self.

Oh Tree! I worship you per rules, kindly accept it. May all who live in this tree, find residence elsewhere, May they forgive us now, we bow to them.

A Murti of a Hindu deity is typically made by carving stone, wood working, metal casting or through pottery.Bollywood's Lens on Indian Society.

Brief Notes on Hinduism, Caste and Hierarchy. Hinduism is a polytheistic religion, that believes in many gods. Life is seen as an endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth, termed reincarnation and transmigration. Eventually, one is able to break out of this cycle and achieve mokshaunity with the universal oneness. When a soul is reborn, it is born into the family, clan biradarisub-caste jati and caste jat in which that soul was meant to be born, and must now fulfill its dharmaritual obligations unique to the position it is born into.

For example, if one is born into a warrior caste, then that individual should strive to be the greatest prince or princess ever; if one is born into a pot-making caste, then that individual should strive to be the greatest potter ever. Some scholars have argued that karma and dharma are anti-materialistic, and that these concepts favor fatalism, resignation, other-worldliness and asceticism.

Alternatively, the "Bhagavad Gita" a section of the Mahabharata -- the Great Tale of India -- meaning "Song of God" emphasizes living a life of action without attachments. Therefore, dharma can also be understood to support the concept of success: both karma and dharma can be understood as supporting materialistic-oriented actions. In Hinduism, the principal attribute of the gods is shakti power. Sacrifices are offered to many gods, usually specific to an area.

Gradually, this is transposed into seeing a trilogy of powerful gods which we can refer to as. We simultaneously see a concentration of power into the hands of a few important dynasties in India: the Mauryan dynasty of King Ashoka about B.

Initially, there had been no concentration of power: as there had been a pantheon of thousands of gods, so too there had been a virtual pantheon of small rulers.

As power is concentrated, we see some gods becoming more popular in public thought than others. From this distinction, what evolved in India is a highly articulate stratification system based on hierarchy, which is legitimated by religious belief and implemented through the jajmani caste system.

Hindu social structure and kinship patterns, derived from the jajmani system, are so pervasive that they strongly affect all social groups in India, not just Hindus. The resultant hierarchical orientation manifests in all social encounters. For example, there are no peer relationships in a family; genealogical age not chronological often determines formal behavior, which manifests through the common usage of denotative kinship terms.

Even the way a Hindu is supposed to live an ideal life is based on stratification: first one is a student, then a householder, then a hermit, and finally a wandering ascetic who has renounced the world.

This, of course, is for men: the purpose of women is to be virtuous and to serve men, according to the Laws of Manuthe legal code of Hinduism. Prior to their codification, however, pre-Aryan indigenous culture enjoyed far more egalitarian gender relations. Caste and the Jajmani System The jajmani system is a social contract system of reciprocal relations. In this group-based society not individual-baseddiscipline is imposed by sanctions outside of the family as well as legitimated by them.Let me begin by saying this is not a comprehensive Hindu God family tree — not even close.

Send me an email at VeritableHokum gmail. Update: Thanks for the corrections! Me too, but bare with me. That comes from one of several creation stories that arose as Brahma was displaced by more recently popular gods.

Vishnu created a vast primordial ocean, and then a hundred headed snake to float on as he meditated. Depending on the source, Vishnu is either one of the most important gods in the universe, or the most important god in the universe, or he literally is the universe, or more likely all of the above. One of the largest branches of Hinduism, Vaishnavism, holds Vishnu as its top god.

Lakshmi, also called Sri, is a goddess of wealth and luck and wife to Vishnu. The idea was that, if they churned it hard enough, they could dredge up all the amazing treasures from the bottom, including Amrita, the nectar of immortality. Once that was done, a whole bunch of treasures emerged, including the moon, the nectar of immortality, a super-cow, and Lakshmi.

The next bunch of entries are all avatars, or mortal incarnations of gods mostly Vishnu. Most sources agree that Vishnu has 10 avatars, but they all seem to disagree on who those avatars are.

I found this one in a book, but there are lots of other versions. When Buddhism was new and growing, some Hindu sects started claiming that Buddha was just an avatar of Vishnu, but that his role was to trick good Hindu folks into believing in illusions. So, to defeat him, the gods incarnate themselves as mortals: Vishnu as four princes, Lakshmi as a princess, and most of the rest of the gods as magical monkeys. For thirteen years, they live as hermits.

80% Of Japanese Gods Are Hindu Gods

One day, a demon-lady shows up and tries to sleep with Rama, and when he says no, she attacks, and when Rama and Lakshmana defeat her, she gets her big brother to attack with a demon army, and when Rama and Lakshmana defeat THEM, she gets her even bigger brother, Ravana, to kidnap Sita. Rama and Lakshmana set out to rescue Sita, having adventures, fighting demons, and befriending thousands of super-powered monkeys. Or, well, almost. When they went to churn the Ocean of Milk see Lakshmi abovethe gods needed somewhere to stand.

So Vishnu turned into his second avatar, a huge turtle, and the rest of the gods stood on a mountain on his back. So Vishnu chose as his fourth avatar a half-man-half-lion neither human nor animaland killed him at dusk neither night nor day in a doorway neither inside nor outside.

Then Vamana grew huge enough that three steps took him clear across the earth and the heavens, which he returned to the gods. Mahabali was essentially such a great ruler that his power rivaled the Gods and so they got Vishnu to take care of it as you outlined. A neat quirk is that Mahabali was traditionally supposed to be the King of the South Indian region of Kerala, and an added tweak to the myth there states that after having all his realms taken away he asked Vamana for one favour- to visit his home kingdom once a year.

The festival commemorating that, Onam, is still the most important festival in Kerala. Shiva is a big, important, powerful god, the highest god of the largest branches of Hinduism, Shaivism. Shiva has a third eye, from which he can produce a laser beam made of pure fiery enlightenment. While all goddesses are sometimes considered aspects of the Devi, from what I can tell, Parvati is often considered one and the same.

It took Parvati years of religiously motivated suffering and deprivation, and unwavering loyalty. After one insult too many, Sati threw herself into a sacrificial fire and died. Once, Durga fought a demon who could create new demons whenever his blood touched the ground. The more she fought, the more demons were born, and the more demons were born, the angrier Durga got.

Eventually Durga, a goddess who was literally created from anger, got so angry that her anger turned into yet another goddess: Kali.

hierarchy of hindu gods

No goddess has ever been so bloodthirsty — literally, she drank all the blood, killed all the demons, and saved the gods. But then she kept going and going, killing and eating everything in her path in an unstoppable torrent of destruction.

Shiva finally managed to stop her, by lying down in her path. As soon as they started, Kartikeya sped off over the horizon.For Hindus, there is a single, universal god known as the Supreme Being or Brahman.

Foremost among the many Hindu gods and goddesses are the Holy Triad of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, the creator, sustainer, and destroyer of worlds in that order. Sometimes, the three may appear in the form of an avatar, embodied by a Hindu god or goddess.

But the most popular of these gods and goddesses are important deities in their own right. The son of Shiva and Parvati, the pot-bellied elephant god Ganesha is the lord of success, knowledge, and wealth.

Ganesha is worshiped by all sects of Hinduism, making him perhaps the most important of Hindu gods. Shiva represents death and dissolution, destroying worlds so they may be recreated by Brahma.

But he is also considered the master of dance and of regeneration. One of the most beloved of Hindu gods, blue-skinned Krishna is the deity of love and compassion. He is frequently depicted with a flute, which he uses for its seductive powers. He is considered the perfect embodiment of humankind: mentally, spiritually, and physically. The peace-loving deity of the Hindu Trinity, Vishnu is the preserver or sustainer of life. He represents the principles of order, righteousness, and truth.

His consort is Lakshmi, the goddess of domesticity and prosperity. Hindu faithful who pray to Vishnu, called Vaishnavas, believe that in times of disorder, Vishnu will emerge from his transcendence to restore peace and order on earth.

She is the goddess of wealth and prosperity, both material and spiritual. Lakshmi is depicted as a four-armed woman of golden complexion, holding a lotus bud as she sits or stands upon a massive lotus blossom. The deity of beauty, purity, and domesticity, the image of Lakshmi is often found in the homes of the faithful. Durga is the mother goddess and she represents the fiery powers of the gods. She is the protector of the righteous and destroyer of the evil, usually portrayed as riding a lion and carrying weapons in her many arms.

Kali, also known as the dark goddess, appears as a fierce four-armed woman, her skin blue or black. She stands atop her husband Shiva, who lies calmly beneath her feet.

Hindu Gods Chart

Bloodsoaked, her tongue hanging out, Kali is the goddess of death and represents the ceaseless march of time toward doomsday.

Share Flipboard Email. Subhamoy Das.By Amrutur V. Hindus acknowledge that, at the most fundamental levelGod is the One without a second — the absolute, formless, and only Reality known as Brahman, the Supreme, Universal Soul.

hierarchy of hindu gods

Brahman is the universe and everything in it. Brahman has no form and no limits; it is Reality and Truth. Thus Hinduism is a pantheistic religion: It equates God with the universe. Yet Hindu religion is also polytheistic: populated with myriad gods and goddesses who personify aspects of the one true God, allowing individuals an infinite number of ways to worship based on family tradition, community and regional practices, and other considerations.

The word periodically here refers to the Hindu belief that time is cyclical; everything in the universe — except for Brahman and certain Hindu scriptures — is created, maintained for a certain amount of time, and then destroyed in order to be renewed in ideal form again.

Vishnu is the second member of the Hindu Trinity. He maintains the order and harmony of the universe, which is periodically created by Brahma and periodically destroyed by Shiva to prepare for the next creation. Vishnu is worshipped in many forms and in several avatars incarnations.

A Humongous List of Hindu Gods and Goddesses and Their Powers

Vishnu is an important, somewhat mysterious god. Less visible than nature gods that preside over elements such as fire and rainVishnu is the pervader — the divine essence that pervades the universe. He is usually worshipped in the form of an avatar see below.

Shiva is the third member of the Hindu Trinity, tasked with destroying the universe in order to prepare for its renewal at the end of each cycle of time. Hindus customarily invoke Shiva before the beginning of any religious or spiritual endeavor; they believe that any bad vibrations in the immediate vicinity of worship are eliminated by the mere utterance of his praise or name.

Lord Ganapati, who has an elephant head, occupies a very special place in the hearts of Hindus because they consider him the Remover of Obstacles. Avatars are savior forms of a god that descend to earth to intervene whenever help is needed to restore dharma moral order and peace.

Rama is one of the most beloved Hindu gods and is the hero of the Hindu epic called the Ramayana. He is portrayed as an ideal son, brother, husband, and king and as a strict adherent to dharma. Hindus identify Krishna as the teacher of the sacred scripture called the Bhagavad G ita and as the friend and mentor of prince Arjuna in the epic the Mahabharata. For his devotees, Krishna is a delight, full of playful pranks. Saraswati is the consort of Brahma the Creator and is worshipped as the goddess of learning, wisdom, speech, and music.

Lakshmi is the goddess of good fortune, wealth, and well-being. As the consort of Vishnu, she plays a role in every incarnation.